Saturday, May 23, 2020

Why I Am Here Testimony - 1727 Words

Oriana Pyavka Why I’m here: Testimony Coming into bible school I was in a very confused and vulnerable place in my life. I felt no love towards nor from the people that surrounded and deep down I knew that loved me. But most of all I felt no love from nor towards the one whom I should have been loving the most. My heart did not fully belong towards the one who created it. I thought that reading the bible, attending church, and avoiding big sins was good enough. The reason I wasn t satisfied by Christianity is because it wasn t Christianity. I had religion, but I didn t have Jesus. I knew what love was, but not the God who is love. Growing up I was told and taught to fear God but not in the way I should have. I was so†¦show more content†¦I think that many of us have fallen and sinned so much and so often that the whole system of salvation and grace doesn t really make sense. I mean how is it possible to recover from all the years of disobedience and thousands of sins made? The prob lem with me was that I couldn t fully comprehend that the term salvation and forgiveness was actually created and meant for sinners like myself. I couldn t understand the fact that I qualify for mercy. I couldn t understand that what I need, I couldn t possibly do anything to deserve it. I didn t believe that someone as great as God would ever look down on me and love me. I didn t think I was or could ever be worthy of such a love. One of my favorite quotes was once said by Thomas Watson â€Å"Jesus Christ went more willingly to the cross than we do to the throne of grace.† Every time I denied Gods love and forgiveness I was basically telling Jesus that what He did for me wasn t enough. The pain He went through and the blood that He shed for me on the cross wasn t enough. I was so stubborn and arrogant thinking that if only I do this and this right, if only I say this and this right, then maybe I could earn God s love. I couldn t comprehend that the type of love I

Monday, May 18, 2020

Maya or Mayan How to Refer to the People and Culture

When do you use Maya, and when Mayan? You may have noticed that when you read in popular books or visit the archaeological ruins along the Pacific coast of Mexico, Guatemala, Belize, and parts of Honduras, or access websites or watch television programs, some of the participants refer to the Mayan civilization and others the Maya civilization; or theyll sometimes say Maya ruins and other times Mayan ruins. So, did you ever wonder, which of the speakers is right Maya Civilization To English speakers, the form Mayan as an adjective sounds right. You wouldnt say Spain ruins, youd say Spanish ruins, you wouldnt say Mesopotamia civilization, youd say Mesopotamian civilization. But archaeologists, particularly those who study the Maya people, prefer to write of the Maya civilization. Specifically, in English language Maya studies, scholars generally only use the adjective form Mayan when they refer to the language(s) spoken by the Maya today and in the past, and use â€Å"Maya† when referring to people, places, and culture, without distinction between singular or plural. In the scholarly literature, its never Mayas. There are six million people in parts of Mesoamerica who speak one of more than 20 different Mayan languages. The Data An examination of style guides from archaeological or anthropological journals does not reveal any such specific references about whether you should use Maya or Mayan: but normally, they dont do that for even the more clearly problematic use of Aztec versus Mexica. Theres no article that says scholars think its better to use Maya rather than Mayan: it is simply an unwritten but recognized preference among scholars. Based on an informal search on Google Scholar conducted in June 2018 for English-language articles published since 2014, the preferred usage among anthropologists and archaeologists is to reserve Mayan for the language and use Maya for the people, culture, society and archaeological ruins. Search Term Number of Results Comments maya civilization 2,010 The first page of results includes scientific papers and books, all from archaeologists mayan civilization 923 The first page includes no archaeological papers but does include those from geologists, educators, and linguists maya culture 1,280 The first page is dominated by papers from archaeologists. Interestingly, google scholar prompts the searcher Did you mean mayan culture? mayan culture 1,160 The first page includes references from a variety of disciplines Searching for the Maya The results of using the main Google search engine to learn more about the Maya are interesting as well. If you simply search for the Mayan civilization, Googles main search will automatically direct you to sources labeled as Maya civilization without asking you: Google, and Wikipedia, have picked up on the differentiation among scholars and have decided for us which is the preferred method. If you simply Google the term â€Å"Maya† your results will include the 3D animated software, the Sanskrit term for magic and Maya Angelou, while if you enter â€Å"Mayan† the search engine will return you to links to the â€Å"Maya civilization. Who The Ancient Maya Were The use of Maya rather than Mayan may be a part of the way scholars perceive the Maya. In a review paper more than a decade ago, Rosemary Joyce made this clear. For her article, she read four recent major books on the Maya and at the end of that review, she realized that the books had something in common. She wrote that thinking about the prehistoric Maya as if they were a singular, unified group of people or even a set of artistic traits or language or architecture, stands in the way of appreciating the diversity of the deep history of Yucatan, Belize, Guatemala,  and Honduras. The cultures that we think of as Maya had more than one language, even within a single community. There was never a centralized government, although it is clear from existing inscriptions that political and social alliances extended over long distances. Over time, those alliances shifted in tenor and strength. Art and architectural forms vary from site to site and in some cases from ruler to ruler, a good example of this is Puuc versus Toltec architecture at Chichen Itza. Settlement and household archaeology vary with status and subsistence methods. To really study the ancient Maya culture, you have to narrow your field of vision. Bottom Line So thats why you see in the scholarly literature references to the Lowland Maya or Highland Maya or the Maya Riviera and why in general scholars concentrate on specific periods and specific sets of archaeological sites when they study the Maya. Whether you say the prehistoric Maya or Mayan cultures doesnt really matter in the long run, as long as you remember that you are referring to a rich diversity of cultures and people who lived and adapted to the regional environments of Mesoamerica, and maintained trade connections with each other, but were not a unified whole. Source Joyce, Rosemary. What Kind of a Subject of Study Is the Ancient Maya? Reviews in Anthropology 34 (2005): 295-311. Print.

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

History Of Green Supply Chain Management - 1324 Words

Introduction Environmentally sustainable (Green) supply chain management has gained attention within the area of industry, because the environmental issue is one of the serious concern for governments. Green supply chain management is one of the key approach for Chinese manufacturing industry to achieve their market share objectives and to make maximum profit for the companies(van Hock and Erasmus, 2000). Green supply chain management is a management with combination of environmental and supply-chain, considering environmental concern into supply - chain management has become extremely important for a company which will also give that an advantage for the company to gain their market and maintain their position in the competition with their competitor (Qinghua Zhu 2009). Obviously, environment,logistics and strategy are the three key steps to involved to green supply Chain management. Historical development of green supply chain management The term â€Å" Green supply chain management† only defined in the last several years. The concept of Green supply chain is a new concept, however before the concept â€Å" Green supply chain† had been defined, â€Å"Sustainable Development† was the major term as discussed in 1992 Earth Summit in Rio ( Nimawat Dheeraj and Namdev Vishat 2012). In order to made a long term economic development in 1992, according to Nimawat and Namdev’s report, they said that â€Å"governments and some other global organisations decided to take useful measures toShow MoreRelatedGreen Procurements And Managerial Decision Making1080 Words   |  5 Pages GREEN PROCUREMENTS AND MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING IN SUPPLY CHAIN ENVIRONMENTS: A REVIEW OF NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY APPROACH Research Background Establishing the context Increasingly, individuals, organizations and governments have become very concerned about the impacts of public procurement and utilizations of goods and services on the environment in particular and society as a whole. Regarding the scale, recent estimates suggest between 8-25 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) of OrganizationRead MoreConsumer Confidence : Product Lifecycle Pricing1542 Words   |  7 Pageslifecycle creation of their product or service, the firm’s risks their reputation in being accused of green washing. Simply put, green washing harms financial performance (Walker, Wan, 2012). An example of the final consumer product not meeting the firm’s standards are Sanlu, the Chinese dairy company found to have melamine in its milk (Ye, Pang, 2011). The lack of quality control in the supply chain led to Sanlu’s demise (Ye et al., 2011). Sanlu also enjoyed rapid growth, which overwhelmed management’sRead MoreLiterature Review Supply Chain Management Essay5873 Words   |  24 Pagesï » ¿ Supply Chain Management: A Literature Review David Smith BUSI 610 Organizational Design and Structure Abstract Supply chain management is a practice that involves the planning, supervision, and implementation of strategies and controls to direct the movement of goods and services provided to customers. The intent of this essay is to incorporate a synopsis of existing literature and to provide the reader with a general understanding of how supply chain management correlates withRead MoreTraditional Legacy Management Reporting And Decision Support Systems1516 Words   |  7 PagesConsidering the traditional legacy management reporting and decision support systems, they could not maintain performance and build a competitive advantage after the acquisition strategy and expansion. Almost 21 decided to utilize an integrated system that could facilitate transaction processing, analytical work and reporting so as to forecast accurately to follow the fashion trend and react rapidly to the target market. Appreciating the development of information technology, with its capabilityRead MoreGap Analysis : Starbucks s Outsourcing Essay809 Words   |  4 Pagesorder to improve the current supply chain system of Starbucks, Gap analysis providing the new sight of improvement plan. Current situation Expectations or best process Ways of improvement Barriers of implementation Starbucks’s outsourcing is too high, 65-70% supply chain cost goes to transportation Reducing the cost of transportation Manage world logistic in one system.1. Planning group simplify the job into basic supply chain functions, reorganized the supply chain by separate it in two parts:Read MoreCompany Analysis : Chrysler Corporation1577 Words   |  7 PagesChrysler corporation: Innovations in supply chain management, Chrysler Corporation, now named Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, founded in 1925, by a former GM employee, Mr. Walter P. Chrysler. Besides surviving the great depression and the World War II, Chrysler went through some management and economic crises during the decades of 1970 and 1980, (Braun, J., Guthrie, M., McCampbell, E., Sit, V., 2016). In the Fiat Chrysler Automobiles website, they merge the history of the two companies: Fiat and ChryslerRead MoreBasic Philosophy of Supply Chain Management(Sony)4960 Words   |  20 PagesAbstract This paper describes the basic philosophy to supply chain management in order to develop and implement comprehensive supply chain strategies for Sony Corporation in global operation. Sony is committed to fulfilling its responsibility to society as a corporate citizen, including managing its supply chain in a responsible manner. To achieve this goal, Sony is working with its business partners, suppliers and subcontractors to help ensure that they adhere to the same high standards as SonyRead MoreRole And Importance Of An Sm921 Words   |  4 PagesImportance of an SM Sustainability Management is a coordinated, strategic approach, led by a single individual who draws together all aspects of sustainability, energy management, social and ethical due diligence. The sustainability manager creates a green strategy for the whole company. This person will have the opportiunity to influence the entire organization in a very strategic way that will enable them to present a clear strategy for Top Shelf. Top Shelf has a history of unstability and it willRead MoreSunset Growers Cultivates Its Supply Chain1278 Words   |  6 PagesGrowers Cultivates its Supply Chain Sunsweet Growers Inc. is the world’s largest agricultural corporate dealing in dried tree fruits. It has its headquarters in Yuba City (California) and it processes and markets 40,000 cases of dried fruits every day. It is the global market leader of prunes. Like any other company, Sunsweet has issues with its supply chain management. Some of the constraints faced by the company are as follows: * Single limited source of supply * Supply and demand beyondRead MoreA Brief Analysis of the Hayward Lumber Company’s Environmental Strategy (Case Study)1179 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿OM 671 – Supply chain environmental management â€Å"Green† Building A Brief Analysis of the Hayward Lumber Company’s Environmental Strategy 1/23/2014 HLC initially looked into FSC-certified wood when custom home-builders began to generate a demand for the material. This consumer base is generally providing a service for luxury home buyers who tend to be less price-sensitive and willing to pay the higher rates in order to claim environmental friendliness. The other portion of their

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Analysis of A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift

Analysis of A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift In his biting political satire called ?A Modest Proposal,? Jonathan Swift seeks to create empathy for the poor through his ironic portrayal of the children of Irish beggars as commodities that can be regulated and even eaten. He is able to poke fun at the dehumanization of the multitudes of poor people in Ireland by ironically commenting on what he sees as an extension of the current situation. Swift?s essay seeks to comment on the terrible condition of starvation that a huge portion of Ireland has been forced into, and the inane rationalizations that the rich are quick to submit in order to justify the economic inequality. He is able to highlight the absurdity of these attempted†¦show more content†¦like animals, he is in fact improving their lifestyle, for the voluntary abortions that these women are forced to commit ? would move tears and pity to the most savage and inhuman beast.? His use of diction relating to livestock as well as his cold, calculated tones and con stant appeals to foreign authority mirror and comment upon the elite?s absurb rationalization for their abuse and exploition of the dredges of society. He constantly likens beggers to animals, even comparing children to ?sheep, black cattle or swine? and even speaking of them interms of ?fore and hind quarter?s. His tone is so disturbingly uninvolved and methodical that he is able to calculate exactly how many meals a baby will serve and even pictures cannibalism as a socially acceptable occurence when ?entertaining friends.? Throughout the piece Swift constantly seeks to jusify his proposal by mentioning the suggestions he has received from his influential friends in foreign countries. This illustrates that the narrator?s mind is even farther removed from the immediate crisis and famine. As people read through the passage, Swift is able to sneakily encourage people to question the authority of their elitist leadership. As he continues writing Swift uses a constant barrage of ironic juxtapostions of ideas and sarcastic comments to convey the sheer ludicressness of the narrator?s arguement. Swift?s satirical purposes firstShow MoreRelatedAn Analysis Of Modest Proposal By Jonathan Swift1777 Words   |  8 Pagesbring more attention than just talking about them. In â€Å"Modest Proposal† written by Jonathan Swift, he uses humor to talk about the famine that was happening back then and proposes an economical idea. By using the word â€Å"Proposal† in his title, he gives a reasonably suggestion to aid the Irish, Swift mentions them one by one the many benefits and counters the objections many may have, uses rhetorical reasoning and proves his humanitarian views. Swift has written in detail over the degree of poverty inRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of A Modest Proposal By Jonathan Swift854 Words   |  4 PagesA Modest Proposal† is an essay by Jonathan Swift that gives some type of a solution to the hunger problem in Ireland. Swift espouse an ironic approach that guarantee a surprise ending. At the beginning of the essay, he cornerstones his proposal t hat will be good for the public and diminish economic troubles. The proposal that Swift advances concerns the selling of poor Irish children to the rich, so that they could suffice as food. In addition, he points out that this will ease the pressures on theRead MoreAnalysis Of Jonathan Swift s A Modest Proposal956 Words   |  4 Pagesissue for the Irish and became a topic of satire ridicule for writers. Specifically, Jonathan Swift demonstrates mockery of this time in one of his written works, â€Å"A Modest Proposal.† The speaker proposes to shift the issues of over population and poverty to a business like mentality by paying woman to bare children and then after a year, gaining a profit by selling and eat their children. The speaker’s proposal to consume the children of Ireland demonstrates a satirical solution to the Irish’s economicRead MoreEssay on Rhetorical Analysis of a Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift639 Words   |  3 PagesJohnathan Swift wrote M odest Proposal with the idea to better humanity.. When you first read it you miss what the true message is. You think â€Å"Man this guy is a monster!† or â€Å"He’s sick!†, but once you reach the end the true meaning of the proposal hits you. When Jonathan Swift wrote a Modest Proposal he tried to get his audience to see the problem by taking it and providing an unethical and inhumane solution then using rhetorical devices to bring out people’s emotions. Of the many devices he usedRead MoreAnalysis of Jonathan Swift ´s A Modest Proposal Essay532 Words   |  3 Pagesdone, the issue hasn’t been fazed a bit. From Jonathan Swift’s Modest Proposal, he clarifies the poverty issued throughout Ireland in the early 1700’s and how one suggestion could change it all. Elaborated from the Literary Reference Center, â€Å"A Modest Proposal, like Gulliver’s Travels, transcends the political, social, and economic crisis that gave birth to it, woeful as they were. Packed with irony and satirical revelations of the human condition†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Swift wasn’t just writing a masterpiece, but an intendedRead MoreAnalysis Of Jonathan Swift s A Modest Proposal And Li Ruzhen s Flowers994 Words   |  4 PagesThere are many uses of satire in Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal and in Li Ruzhen’s Flowers in the Mirror. Both of these readings address social issues during the 17th and 18th century and addres s them with various uses of satire to help emphasize their thoughts of dislike and carry that to their readers. Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal proposes using poor bastard children as food to help the poverty level along with other social issues that come with poor women carrying children and havingRead MoreJonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal949 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"A Modest Proposal† by Jonathan Swift takes place in Dublin Ireland in the 18th century. The narrator is a very ironic character. His â€Å"modest† proposal is anything but modest. This short story takes place during a famine. Since there was a famine, Swift proposes the idea that people sell their one year old children to the rich so they would not be a burden to their family. One important way in which the author engages the audience’s attention and tries to help his readers see deeper politicalRead MoreLiterary Analysis : Jonathan Swift1425 Words   |  6 PagesEllen Griffith Freshman Comp. II Oct. 27, 2015 Literary analysis The author I decided to write about is Jonathan Swift for he had a keen sense for effective sarcasm. As Jonathan Swift said â€Å"The proper words in the proper places are the true definition of style.† Though he was known in different ways, he was mostly popularized through his gift in writing, particularly his satire, or his use of humor and irony, essays. Through out swift life, there has been plenty of events where I believe shapeRead MoreA Modest Proposal Analysis Essay1465 Words   |  6 PagesA Modest Proposal Literary Analysis By J--- ----------- J--- ----------- Mr. H----- Period 6 2 May 2011 Jonathan Swift’s Use of Satire and Exaggeration Satire is a form of literature in which an author tries to demonstrate his or her point of view by ridiculing. The author uses heavy irony and sarcasm in order to criticize a social issue. A perfect example of a work of satire is Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal. In this satirical essay, Jonathan Swift attacks on the issue of theRead MoreSimilarities between Martin Luther Kings Letter from Birmingham Jail and Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal1358 Words   |  6 Pages Even the most cursory analysis of Letter From Birmingham Jail by Martin Luther King, Jr. and A Modest Proposal by Jonathan Swift reveals glaring differences between the two essays. Surprisingly, a side-by-side comparison also yields many similarities between the two works. The most obvious similarity between the two essays is the overarching theme of the subject matter. In both essays, the writers address deeply-entrenched social injustices. For example, in Letter From Birmingham Jail

How Does Music Affect Our Lives Free Essays

How Does Music Affect Our Lives: The Connection between Communication and Music Music is present throughout our lives, from the moment we wake up and hear that song that starts our day off, to that song that reminds us of that relationship we once had with that special someone, or a song that a city uses as its anthem for it’s sports team or a song that a country listens to, that helps comfort them in a time of tragedy and loss. Music helps us communicate and relate to things when we can not find the words to help us express our feelings. When we have had a tragedy in our lives some people turn to alcohol, drugs, or something else to get rid of a terrible memory. We will write a custom essay sample on How Does Music Affect Our Lives or any similar topic only for you Order Now After the attacks of September 11th music was used as instrument in rebuilding the lives of the many New Yorkers who had lost loved ones, or had witnessed the horrific events. Bruce Springsteen was one artist that released an album at this time; the album was titled The Rising. This album conveyed the feelings of the citizens of New York City. Some of the tracks were titled, â€Å"Into the Fire†. â€Å"You’re Missing† and â€Å"Lonesome Day† We also had Sir Paul McCartney’s Freedom a song that was used as a memorial for the 9/11 attacks. Another band that helped heal the wounds of 9/11 was U2. Since the beginning they have written songs that reach a wide variety of fans from all over the world. One song that sticks out is, â€Å"Pride (In the Name of Love)† these lyrics talk about many great figures throughout history, including Jesus Christ, Martin Luther King Jr. and Gandhi. These are some of those lyrics. One man come in the name of love One man come and go One man come, he to justify One man to overthrow In the name of love What more in the name of love In the name of love What more in the name of love One man caught on a barbed wire fence One man he resist One man washed on an empty beach. One man betrayed with a kiss In the name of love What more in the name of love In the na me of love What more in the name of love Early morning, April 4 Shot rings out in the Memphis sky Free at last, they took your life They could not take your pride†¦ (U2 The Unforgettable Fire, 1984 Island Records) Music is also used at funerals as a send off into the next life or as a testament to the life of that person. My uncle was murdered in the fall of 2002. Everyone including my grandmother took it hard. They song my cousin chose for her father was Free Bird by Lynyrd Skynyrd. Music has been there for me when I have no one to talk to. In the book Popular Music and Communication by James Lull there is a paragraph that explains musicians and how they communicate to their fans, â€Å"Popular musicians are loved, even worshiped, not only for their abilities to write songs and perform them publicly, but for their ability to â€Å"speak† to their audiences. Even an artist whose only contact with the audience is through the sale of millions of compact discs and tapes communicates â€Å"personally† with each listener† Pg. 33 of Popular Music and Communication by James Lull Sage Publications, C 1992. Everyone has a soundtrack to their lives and I found the first part of mine in 2000 with an album by a band named Papa Roach. My mother and father are separated; there divorce was based on the fact that my father was abusive towards my mother. The one song I could strongly relate to on that album was a song titled â€Å"Broken Home† I can’t seem to fight these feelings I’m caught in the middle of this My wounds are not healing I’m stuck in between my parents I wish I had someone to talk to Someone to I could confide in†¦ Broken home All alone I know my mother loves me But does my father even care If I’m sad or angry You were never ever there When I needed you I hope you regret what you did I think I know the truth Your father did the same to you†¦ (Infest, Papa Roach, April 25, 2000, DreamWorks Records) When I heard this song it really opened my eyes, for the past sixteen years of my life I never knew that my fathers father had left when he was very young, it was a revelation to me, that this man who is my grandfather, that I have only seen a few times in my life, and my father were one in the same. After recently ending a relationship with someone that had truly changed my life I continue to listen to this song from a popular punk rock Band MxPx. The song is about someone giving up on girls and relationships and joining G. S. F. â€Å"Girls Schmirls Foundation† â€Å"You didn’t have to be so mean to me I guess now I see how it’s gonna be I’m joining GSF, I’ve made up my mind Forget this thing called love, it’s a waste of time Girls ain’t no good anymore, anyway! Not for one second have I understood Why they do what they do, why they say what they say Always happens to my friends, it always happens to me It’s taken me 19 years to finally see She said â€Å"Can we just be friends? It’s just not working out. † Another broken heart that I can do without Girls ain’t no good anymore, anyway! Not for one second have I understood Why they do what they do, why they say what they say† Many of my friends say that they can relate to how I feel and the song is a good way for me to get my feelings out and to show that girl she hurt me. Music is also used to help boost morale in teams and fans at sporting events. Once a Spurs fan hears, â€Å"Are You Ready for This? † they automatically begin to get hyped for the preceding game. The same is at football games, especially college football games. When the fans at Texas State hear â€Å"Go Bobcats† they automatically get on there feet and begin to participate in the hand gestures and sing the chorus. The football team, whether win, lose or draw will be on that field singing the Alma Mater. There are those fan jams that are required at any sporting event, such as Queens â€Å"We Will Rock You† and â€Å"We are the Champions† Music is used at these events to get a crowd hyped and the teams pumped and excited that they are playing in front of a large group of people that believe in them. As you can see Music is all around us. It is apart of our lives. It helps us express our feelings towards other people, it helps us to close old wounds made by tragic events, it also give us a reason to cheer and sporting events, but the most important thing music gives us is a voice, a reason, a definition of who we real are. Bibliography 1. McLaughlin, Terence. Music and communication, New York, St. Martin’s Press [1971, c1970] 2. Lull, James. Popular music and communication, Newbury Park, Calif. : Sage Publications, c1992. 3. Lynyrd Skynrd. Lynryd Skynrd, MCA Records, c 1973 4. Papa Roach. Infest, DreamWorks Records, c April 25, 2000 5. Paul McCartney. Freedom, Capitol Records, c November 13, 2001 6. U2. The Unforgettable Fire, Island Records, c 1984 7. MxPx GSF, At The Show, Tooth and Nail Records, c. July 27, 1999 How to cite How Does Music Affect Our Lives, Papers

Analysis of Fatality Incidents for Examiners -

Question: Discuss about theAnalysis of Fatality Incidents for Medical Examiners. Answer: Description of the incident The report is based on the analysis of an incident where the workers were engaged in troubleshooting of a clogged pipe. The method that was applied for this purpose was adding the water to feeder line and then heating with the help of steam so that the materials can be broken which blocked the pipe. The relief cap was removed on the feeder line during the process of draining and this caused the contact of heated water with the worker. The worker had to suffer from severe burns in more than 80% of his body and later he died after suffering for 41 days (Fatality investigation reports., 2018). Background information related to the incident The incident occurred in the facility of JBS Canada Incorporated (JBS Foods) which mainly specialises in the processing of beef. The facility where the processing takes place is located in Brooks, Alberta and around 2000 workers are employed in the unit. The works are employed in the processing and the distribution of various types of meat including the graded and ungraded variety. The incident took place in the rendering area of the facility. The superintendent of the rendering section has been working in the facility for 17 years in different roles (Carroll et al., 2017). He was in the position of rendering superintendent for 4 years during the time of the incident. Many training programs had been completed by the rendering superintendent which were related to the process of rendering in the facility of JBS Foods. The supervisor was injured fatally when the incident in the facility. The supervisor has gone through many training programs related to the process before he was employed in the position. The training programs were related safety and health related issues in the working process of the employees (Katsavouni Rosenberg, 2016). Evidence available from the incident The equipment which was related to the incident is the 30.5 cm wide steel pipe which was at a length of 115m from the raw materials area. The purpose of the feeder line was to transport the raw beef from the area of raw materials to the super cooker which was installed in the rendering area. The feeder pipe was installed in the year 1995 and the design was developed by the Dupps Co., which is a manufacturing organization machinery required for processing. The feeder line 1 was considered to be a critical part of the entire process and it has a back-up when problems occurred in the line. The installation of the pipe had taken place before the facility was acquired by JBS Foods. The relief cap was attached to the opening of the pipe which was installed so that the workers were able to access the section. The water line comprised of a ball valve with a Chicago style fitting which was enabled the standard hose to be attached to the feeder line (Kjellstrom et al., 2016). Causes of the incident The major cause behind the incident was the blockage that had been detected in the feeder line 1. The blockages were detected in the control room as the pumps were struggling to move the product. Two days after this blockage issue, same problems were faced by the operations department of the facility and it was determined that the blockage had occurred again. The steps that were taken by the management to solve this issue included, the installation of a camera in the line to help in determining the source of the blockage. An equipment named pig was installed into the feeder and the operations were resumed (Merrill et al. 2016). This further led to blockage in the feeder line and it was now required to be dismantled to solve the issue. However, the scheduled maintenance related operations were not performed. The operations in the facility started and the superintendent started his job. The incident took place after he tried to remove the blockage by adding heated water into feeder lin e. The direct cause of the incident is the negligence from the end of the organization regarding the completion of maintenance work of the machine that was due for many days. This had led to the further of blockage of the pipe which caused the accident (Scheibe Blackhurst, 2017). Actions taken after the incident The rendering superintendent had seen the incident and he took the supervisor to the emergency shower that was present in the facility. The medical staff were called to the facility and the supervisor was immediately taken to the Brooks hospital. The management needs to implement maintenance plans every week so that the blockages can be detected and the issue can be resolved instantly. The cameras installed in the feeder lines need to be monitored on a continuous basis. Plan to implement the actions The actions that are needed to be taken by the management of the organization includes, the regular maintenance work of the equipments. The delay of scheduled maintenance was a major reason behind the incident. The workers also need to be provided with regular training sessions so that they are aware of the issues that can occur due to the fault in machines. The weekly maintenance of machines and regular training sessions can be helpful in preventing the occurrence of these incidents (Pierce, 2016). The employer needs to make sure that the untrained employees are not exposed to the usage of such sensitive machines. Six months after the implementation of the actions, the facility needs to well maintained and the cameras installed in the various areas need to be working properly. References Carroll, E., Johnson, A., DePaolo, F., Adams, B. J., Mazone, D., Sampson, B. (2017). Trends in United States mass fatality incidents and recommendations for medical examiners and coroners.Academic forensic pathology,7(3), 318-329. Fatality investigation reports. (2018) Retrieved 24 March 2018, from Katsavouni, F., Rosenberg, T. (2016). Large-scale sporting events and mass fatality incidents.ARCHIVES OF HELLENIC MEDICINE,33(5), 618-623. Merrill, J. A., Orr, M., Chen, D. Y., Zhi, Q., Gershon, R. R. (2016). Are we ready for mass fatality incidents? Preparedness of the US mass fatality infrastructure.Disaster medicine and public health preparedness,10(1), 87-97. Pierce, B. (2016). How rare are large, multiple-fatality work-related incidents?.Accident Analysis Prevention,96, 88-100. Scheibe, K. P., Blackhurst, J. (2017). Supply chain disruption propagation: a systemic risk and normal accident theory perspective.International Journal of Production Research, 1-17.

Friday, May 1, 2020

Elevator History Essay Example For Students

Elevator History Essay An elevator is a mechanism for moving people and freight from level to level in abuilding or any other structure. The first elevator-like structure was built in 236 BC by theArchimeds. This construction was a hoist operated by ropes and pulleys. However, thefirst pragmatic elevator was not developed until the 19th century. Though sensible, thiselevator has been modified many times throughout the course of history and is stillupdated with all of the new advancements in math and technology. From the start of theproduction of elevators through today, there have been numerous and boundlessimprovements made on their structure and how they operate: all due to the advancementof mathematics and technology. The first elevator developed was known as a manual elevator. This system ofelevators used relay logic. Relay logic was a simple wiring based on circuits. This typeof elevator did not transfer people from one level to another, only cargo. *****The second type of elevators was developed in the 1800s. These elevators werepowered by steam. At first, these elevators were used solely to transport freight infactories and ore in mines. Unfortunately, these elevators required a safety device torestrain the elevator from dropping if its supporting cable broke, and this had not beeninvented yet. Eventually, this necessity was discerned and acted upon. In 1852, ElishaGraves Otis designed the first safety contrivance for elevators. This device was a systeminvolving spring-operated cams that affianced the guide rails in the elevator shaft when thecable broke. This secured the elevator from subsiding which enabled steam poweredelevators to be used for transporting people along with cargo. This new use was causedby the precautions taken in improving the safety of steam powered elevators. It was firstused for people in 1857 in New Yorks own Haughwout department store. This edificewas driven by steam power: unlike the manual elevator it had the capability of transportingpeople from floor to floor. Though this was a major amplification in the manufacturing ofelevators, technology and mathematics were still improving allowing for even more typesof ameliorated elevators to take the place of those already produced. As mathematics advanced, the third type of elevators was formulated. This beingthe hydraulic elevator was the first practical elevator with semblance to those of todaystime. The concept of hydraulics is somewhat based on Pascals Law. This stated thatpressure exerted upon a liquid is transmitted in all directions at the same magnitude. Thiswas theorized sometime in the mid-17th century yet its capability of advancing andexplaining technology was not fully accredited until the 19th century when hydraulicelevators were first introduced. Hydraulic elevators were used between 1857 and 1889. Operated by means of a vertical plunger, this elevator traveled up and down a cylinderpushing and lowering the car above it. The vertical plunger was reallocated by liquidunder pressure. A hand-driven pump (hydraulic jack) created this pressure. The basicidea behind any hydraulic system is extraordinarily simple. Any force that is applied at onepoint is moved to another point using an incompressible fluid (either oil or water) whilethe force is frequently multiplied in the process. The fluid used was most often oil. Oilwas preferred over water because of its shielding and lubricating behavior, and in the caseof mineral oil, its low coherence. Though the popular use of hydraulic elevators ended in1889, they are still used in prewar buildings. Furthermore, they are presently utilized incarrying certain heavy masses. Electrically driven elevators were devised before their initial commercialapplication in 1889. This presentation took place in one of New Yorks finest buildings,the Demarest. .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .postImageUrl , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:hover , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:visited , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:active { border:0!important; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:active , .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1 .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u4d0368e1ea5ca2a65ed87a30eb56e2a1:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Harrison bergeron 2 Essay For the first time in all history, an electrically driven elevator was installedfor the utilization of the public. This genre of elevator was operated by an electric motor. This motor drove a winding drum in the basement of the building.Following this,significant advancements came about in 1894 and then another in 1895. First, in 1894,push-button controls were introduced. Like modern elevators, this invention sufferedpeople to simply push the button of the floor they were going to instead of having to use alever to determine the floor (by pushing it left or right for down and the opposite for up). The second invention (1895) was that of a hoisting apparatus. This device wasascertained in England. Its purport was to make the move of the cable drum to